Community Engaged Research
The Ohio State University’s Human Research Protection Program (HRPP) is committed to supporting the active engagement of communities in Ohio State research and to promoting research designed to engage the communities served by Ohio State. Community engagement can be broadly defined as “the process of working collaboratively with groups of people who are affiliated by geographic proximity, special interests, or similar situations with respect to issues affecting their well-being” (CDC: Principles of Community Engagement, 1997).
Community-based participatory research (CBPR) is a form of community engaged research, involving a collaborative approach for participation, shared decision-making, and mutual ownership in all aspects of the research process by communities affected by the issue being studied, researchers, and organizational representatives (developed from AHRQ Publication No. 04–E022-2: Community-Based Participatory Research: Assessing the Evidence, July 2004).
IRB members and/or consultants with CBPR expertise are asked to review community-based participatory research projects at Ohio State. The following resources can provide researchers and IRB members with information to develop, implement, and support CBPR. Office of Responsible Research Practices (ORRP) staff members are also available to assist with education, project-specific questions, and submission requirements related to CBPR, such as the following:
- Regulatory considerations related to researcher engagement, performance sites, and involvement of vulnerable populations
- Training requirements
- Institutional and/or investigator agreements
- Use of community advisory boards
- Involvement of participant advocates
- Establishing partnerships with community-based organizations
Internal Policies and CBPR Links
- HRPP Policies
Policies and procedures related to research performance sites, collaborative research, engagement, special populations, international research, etc.
- Research Performance Sites and Collaborative Off-Site Research
This policy describes the requirements and procedures for establishing research performance sites, conducting collaborative off-site research, and for collaborating with external independent investigators.
College, Department, and Unit-Based Resources
- Center for Clinical & Translational Science Community Engagement: Research Tools & Resources
- Comprehensive Cancer Center: Community Awareness Resources and Education (CARE)
- The Ohio State University Extension: Community
- The College of Public Health: Community-Based Participatory Research
External CBPR Links
- Clinical and Translational Science Awards Consortium Community Engagement Key Function Committee Task Force on the Principles of Community Engagement
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Preventing Chronic Disease
- Newman SD, Andrews JO, Magwood GS, Jenkins C, Cox MJ, Williamson DC; Community advisory boards in community-based participatory research: a synthesis of best processes; Prev Chronic Dis 2011;8(3):A70.
- Faridi Z, Grunbaum JA, Gray BS, Franks A, Simoes E; Community-based participatory research: necessary next steps; Prev Chronic Dis 2007;4(3):Jul.
- Katz DL; Representing your community in community-based participatory research: differences made and measured; Prev Chronic Dis 2004;1(1):Jan.
Independent Research Organizations
- Community Research Partners (CRP) CRP is a non-profit partnership between the City of Columbus, United Way of Central Ohio, The Ohio State University, and the Franklin County Commissioners. Based in Columbus, Ohio, their mission is to strengthen communities through data, information, and knowledge.
- The Wellesley Institute The Wellesley Institute is a Toronto-based, non-profit and non-partisan research and policy institute. They focus on developing research, policy and community mobilization to advance population health.
- Community-Campus Partnerships for Health Community-Campus Partnerships for Health is a nonprofit organization that promotes health equity and social justice through partnerships between communities and academic institutions.